PhD defense: Xavier Shioya Musonye

Optimization-based modeling of Kenya's energy system for pathways towards access to secure, affordable, and sustainable energy services.

  • 17.5.2022, 13:00 - 15:00

The PhD defense of Xavier Shioya Musonye will be held on Tuesday the 17th of May at 13:00 in room M103.
The defense is also on Zoom

Title of thesis: Optimization-based modeling of Kenya's energy system for pathways towards access to secure, affordable, and sustainable energy services.
Candidate: Xavier Shioya Musonye
Date and time: May 17, 2022 at 13:00
Room: M103

Thesis Committee:
Hlynur Stefánsson, Supervisor, Associate Professor, Reykjavík University
Brynhildur Davíðsdóttir, Professor, University of Iceland
Eyjólfur I. Ásgeirsson, Associate Professor, Reykjavík University
Ragnar Kristjánsson, Assistant Professor, Reykjavík University

Examiner:
Dr. Kenneth Karlsson. Senior Project Manager, IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet

Abstract

This research develops a quantitative energy system-planning model for Kenya to evaluate pathways towards access to secure, affordable, and sustainable energy services for the 2020 to 2050 period. First, the study establishes the gaps in the existing national-scale energy modeling systems for the Sub-Saharan African countries. Secondly, the study uses the Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System-VEDA (TIMES-VEDA) energy-modeling framework to develop a national-scale energy system optimization model for Kenya called the Kenya-TIMES. The developed model is used to evaluate the grid-supplied generation-expansion pathways in a secure, affordable and sustainable manner. The results indicate that energy planning using an integrated energy systems model will be vital in achieving high-energy access levels while limiting GHG emissions at national and regional levels in the Sub Saharan Africa region. To meet the projected demand in the short- to medium-term in an affordable, secure, and sustainable way, the Kenyan government should prioritize developing geothermal and hydropower resources. For the long term, the Kenyan government needs to enact and implement policies that will accelerate the deployment of renewable energy technologies. Implementing a hybrid of renewable energy subsidy and carbon tax policies could provide an effective and efficient low-carbon pathway for Kenya's power generation expansion. Lastly, refined data and advanced energy planning tools could be more efficient in informing energy planning decisions and guiding Kenya's and the SSA region's energy objectives. Overall, this work sets a benchmark for developing a national-scale energy-planning model using advanced energy planning tools, and using it to guide the national energy objectives and decisions that could be adopted by the Sub-Saharan Africa countries.



Vinsamlegast athugið að á viðburðum Háskólans í Reykjavík (HR) eru teknar ljósmyndir og myndbönd sem notuð eru í markaðsstarfi HR. Hægt er að nálgast frekari upplýsingar á ru.is eða með því að senda tölvupóst á netfangið: personuvernd@ru.is
//
Please note that at events hosted at Reykjavik University (RU), photographs and videos are taken which might be used for RU marketing purposes. Read more about this on our ru.is or send an e-mail: personuvernd@ru.is